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پادکست شماره 06: مراقبت از زندگی

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سطح : سخت / موضوع: مراقبت از زندگی/ سخنران: بین خانم و آقا  / طول:   03:57


در این پادکست در رابطه با  مراقبت از زندگی از سایت تیچر رجایی، یک پادکست در سطح سخت از پادکست های عمومی برای تقویت مهارت شنیداری شما در آزمون آیلتس تهیه گردیده است.

متن پادکست بهمراه PDF آن برای شما عزیزان تهیه گردیده است.

تمرینات قبل از گوش دادن به پادکست

وقتی که یک شخص به بیماری آلزایمر مبتلا میشود، خانواده وی تلاش میکنند تا بهترین تلاش خود را برای تأمین راحتی او انجام دهند. چنین شرایط سلامتی بسیاری از افراد مسن در جوامع ما را تحت تأثیر قرار می دهد. چه مراکز مراقبت ویژه ای در زادگاه شما در کشور شما وجود دارد که از این افراد مراقبت های ویژه ای انجام دهند؟ در چه مواردی خانواده ها از سالمندان مراقبت می کنند؟ در شرایط نامطلوب آیا مراکز مراقبت ویژه مورد نیاز است؟

چند تمرین آنلاین :

از اینترنت برای یافتن پاسخ برخی از این سوالات در مورد بیماری آلزایمر استفاده کنید:

-تفاوت بین بیماری آلزایمر و زوال عقل چیست؟

-علائم بیماری آلزایمر چیست؟

-علل بیماری آلزایمر چیست؟

-چرا تشخیص آلزایمر در اسرع وقت مهم است؟

-آیا مردان یا زنان شانس بیشتری برای ابتلا به این بیماری دارند؟

-امید به زندگی یک فرد مبتلا به آلزایمر چقدر است؟

-آیا کاری می توانید برای کاهش خطر ابتلا به آلزایمر انجام دهید؟

مراقبت از زندگی

تمرین

لطفا با دقت به پادکست زیر گوش دهید و بهمراه آن گفتگو را بخوانید. در نهایت، واژگان کلیدی و جملات نمونه را مرور کنید.

Hi. Today, I want to talk about my mom, Alzheimer’s disease, and the special care that is sometimes available for such individuals. Now, I love my mom very much, and she is a wonderful woman. She was born in Texas, worked as a teacher for many years, and later with my dad, helped build an orphanage for children in Honduras, which is in Central America. And my parents were very committed to caring for the poorest of the poor, both physically, emotionally, and spiritually.

Now, my mom has Alzheimer’s disease which is a progressive brain disorder that destroys the memory and cognitive abilities, or thinking skills, of people. For years, I had been aware of the disease, but I always saw it at a distance; it was something that affected other people, but it didn’t touch my life personally.

Now, that’s different, and I rub shoulders with it every day. My mom has been suffering from this disease for the past few years, and on top of that, she also has Parkinson’s disease, another neurological disorder. Just having one of this is very difficult; having both of them is devastating, and watching a friend or family member slowly drifting away, no longer being able to carry on conversations or even remember who you, can be very difficult.

Right now, my mom lives in a special care center that meets the needs of residents who suffer from such medical conditions. She needs assistance in about every aspect of her life, and the CNAs, or certified nursing assistants, help her get dressed in the morning since she can’t do that on her own. My father spends most of his day there, so he usually feeds her. Her appetite has diminished over time, and she no longer can feed herself.

Several times a week, a woman comes to bathe her. They often offer activities at the center where she is during the day and evening, and these include singing time, exercise, and even short excursions in the local area. Although mom isn’t able to participate in these like she did in the past, she still enjoys the simple things: holding hands, watching some TV shows, and taking short walks outside . . . well, my pushing her in a wheel chair. She used to be able to walk on her own, but she isn’t able to walk without assistance now.

My conversations with my mom are very short. Always in the here and now. She can’t remember what she ate ten minutes ago, nor can she talk about things that happened years ago. In other words, she doesn’t have any real long-term or short-term memory . . . at least nothing that I can recognize. Now, I long to have meaningful conversations with my mom, but I’m just happy when she responds to my voice in any small way, like saying “Thank you” or “Hello.”

And while I can’t see and predict the future, I only know that if we can live each day as if it were our last, someday we’ll certainly be right, and thus, I try to live each day to the best I can, seeking to show love and compassion to all I meet. And if we all try to lighten the burdens of one another—with a smile, a touch, and kind word—oh, how wonderful this world could be.

اصطلاحات:

pull through” = بهبودی از یک بیماری

“Grandma had a serious accident in her car, but the doctors think that she’s going to pull through.”

run in the family” = در خانواده رایج بودن ، (منظور یک بیماری ارثی است)

“The doctors said that this disorder might run in the family.“

 جملات و واژگان نمونه

orphanage (noun): خانه ای برای کودکانی که والدین آنها فوت کرده اند

My parents are going to build an orphanage next year.

be committed (verb): وفادار بودن ، متعهد بودن  

– Maria and James are very committed to their children. They always spend time with them on the weekends.

disorder (noun): وضعیت سلامتی غیر نرمال، ناخوش احوالی

The doctors are doing a lot of tests to determine the cause of the disorder.

cognitive (adjective): داشتن توانایی ذهنی برای تفکر و یادگیری

– The disease is having a negative effect on her cognitive ability to speak.

devastating (adjective): ایجاد درد یا آسیب شدید عاطفی

– The loss of their mom has had a devastating impact on the family.

carry on (verb): ادامه داد کاری  

– It is often difficult to carry on with your work when you are worried about the poor health of your family.

appetite (noun): میل به غذا  

– Maria’s sister has lost her appetite due to her illness, and she hasn’t eaten much for three days.

excursion (noun): یک سفر کوتاه برای سرگرمی یا تفریح

– The hospital tries to take patients out for short excursions whenever the weather is nice.

lighten (verb): سبک کردن ، کمتر کردن

– Some of the neighbors have donated meals and money to lighten the financial load on our family.

burden (noun): کاری که انجام یا مقابله با آن دشوار است

– Paying for hospital bills can be a heavy burden on families without the means to pay for them.

 

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